Central African Republic: Situation report, December 14, 2021 – Central African Republic

STRONG POINTS

  • By 2022, 3.1 million Central Africans will need humanitarian assistance and protection, or 63% of the population.
  • Gender-based violence, in particular sexual violence, has recently reached particularly worrying levels.
  • In the first nine months of 2021, 1.7 million people received life-saving multisectoral assistance – an increase from the 1.6 million people assisted in 2020.
  • The threat of explosive devices continues to increase in the Central African Republic: at least 23 civilians killed between January and November 2021.

TO ANALYSE

Central African Republic: an unprecedented humanitarian emergency since 2015

The humanitarian emergency in the Central African Republic has reached levels not seen since 2015 due to the new conflict dynamics observed since December 2020. By 2022, 3.1 million people will need humanitarian assistance and protection, or 63% of the population. Of these, 2.2 million people will have needs so complex and severe that their physical and mental well-being is threatened. This is an increase of 16%, or 300,000 more people in serious humanitarian needs compared to 2021.

Recurrent violence, persistent shocks and the degradation of basic services significantly worsened the living conditions of Central Africans in 2021. At the same time, the resilience of populations continues to erode under the weight of successive crises and recession. economic, forcing almost the entire population to adopt coping mechanisms.

These are the conclusions of a joint multisectoral analysis and an unprecedented consultation effort undertaken by the humanitarian community with those in need, published in the Overview of humanitarian needs 2022 for the Central African Republic. Affected people were at the heart of the analysis, with 17,300 households interviewed, including in the most remote corners of the country. They shed light on how the current crisis is affecting people’s living conditions, services and access, and provides information on people’s priority needs.

Exacerbation of needs

The sectors with the greatest number of people in need in 2022 are water, hygiene and sanitation (WASH); medical care; protection; and food security, with between 2.4 and 2.8 million people needing assistance to access basic services and essentials for their survival. Of all sectors, the need for WASH has increased the most since last year, with 12% or 300,000 more people needing help accessing safe drinking water and sanitation facilities. The risk of disease and malnutrition has increased as access to water decreases. The number of human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law has increased as their nature has changed, with new risks to civilians such as explosive devices or the stigmatization of entire communities on ethnic grounds. or religious, considerably increasing the need for protection. In the context of the conflict, food insecurity worsened due to reduced access to fields, market disruptions and declining agricultural production, the main source of livelihood.

Solid basis for humanitarian response

To meet the needs of the populations in 2022, humanitarian actors, in collaboration with the Central African government, are developing a common strategy to guide their interventions, based on the lessons of the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2022. This strategy will be detailed in the Plan. Humanitarian Response 2022 for the Central African Republic, to be published in December 2021.

Despite generous donor contributions, in early November, the 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan was only funded 63% of the $ 444.8 million required. Humanitarians count on the continued engagement of donors to stand alongside Central Africans and enable humanitarian organizations to respond to the ever-increasing needs of populations in 2022. From January to September 2021, humanitarian partners in the Central African Republic provided multisectoral assistance vital to 1.6 million people, despite the increasingly volatile security context.

Download the 2022 Humanitarian Needs Snapshot for the Central African Republic here.


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